SOME CHINESE WORDS AND THEIR USE IN THE INTERNAL MARTIAL ARTS

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àn ǎo bái bào bèi chā chēng chì dào dēng dīng fēn gōu gōng guà hóu huán hún jiàn jiǎo jīn jīn jīng kāi lán liàng lōu lǒu niǎn píng quán què sǎn sàn shēn shēng shēng shí shì shì shì shōu shǒu shǔi tài tuī tuō wéi xiū yǎng yòu yuán yuán yuán yún zhán zhuāng zōng zuǒ

ān

install, fix, fit; tranquilize, stabilize
berolige, passifisere; sette, plassere, montere

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àn

press, push down; hold (back); restrain, control
trykke, presse, holde nede/tilbake/fast
àn (push)

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ǎo

twist
(dialekt) bøye til det oppstår brudd
lōu xī ǎo bù (brush knee twist step)

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eight
åtte
bā duàn jǐn (eight pieces of brocade) bā gua (eight diagrams) bā shi (8-form)

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bái

snow-white
hvit
bái hè liàng chì (white crane spreads its wings)

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bào

hold in one's arms, embrace
holde i armene; (om)favne, klamre, klynge seg til; ta omkring
chēng bào zhuāng (embracing holding post) tuō bào zhuāng (lifting holding post)

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bèi

be equipped, have, prepare, get ready
ha, besitte, forberede, klargjøre, sikre seg, utstyre (yubei=forberede, gjøre klar)
yù bèi (preparation)

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turn, move with finger, stir
flytte (med hånd, fot, pinne o.l.), vende, dreie, pirke, stikke
bō shuǐ shì lì (playng with water test force)

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step, pace, stage
skritt, steg, gang(e); trinn stadium, fase, etappe; bruke beina
ping bù (even step) dīng bā bù (TV-step) mó cā bù (friction step)

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put on, rub, clean, wipe, pass lightly over
gni, pusse, stryke
mó cā bù (friction step)

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chā

stick in, insert, thrust
stikke inn, legge inn, innlemme
tí chā zhuāng (lifting piercing post)

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chēng

support, prop up, maintain, open, overfill
holde oppe, støtte, åpne, folde ut
chēng bào zhuāng (embracing holding post)

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chì

wing
vinge, finne
bái hè liàng chì (white crane spreads its wings)

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dào

turn upside down, move backward, reverse, invert
opp ned, omvendt, baklengs, ombyttet, rygge, snu, endevende, sette på hodet
dào niǎn hóu (repulse monkey)

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dēng


trå, føre med føttene, tråkke på
dēng jiǎo (kick with heel)

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dīng

man
mann
dīng bā bù (TV-step, signs/letters indicating position of feet)

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only, sole

jin ji du li (golden rooster stands on one leg)

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send out, issue, occur, feel
sende, avgi, levere, utvikle, frembringe, oppstå
fa li (issue force)

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law, (teaching) method, way
lov, rett, metode, form, mønster, standard
zhuāng fa (post standing method)

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fēn

divide, separate, part

yĕ mǎ fēn zōng (part the wild horse's mane)

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support with one's hand
holde, støtte (seg), hjelpe opp, underlette
fu an zhuāng (holding and pushing post)

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bend over, go down, hide
bøye seg, gå ned, skjule seg
fu hu zhuāng (taming the tiger post)

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gōng

meritorious deeds, merit, achievement, skill
dåd, velgjerning, fortjeneste, oppnådd resultat, ytelse, effekt, dyktighet, ferdighet
qigong (qi cultivation)

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gōu

tick out, cancel, cross out, strike out, draw, evoke
markere med hake, krysse av, trekke opp
gou gua zhuāng (hanging hook post)

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guà

hang, put up, suspend, get caught, hang up
henge, hekte, krøke
gou gua zhuāng (hanging hook post)

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close
lukke
kai he shì lì (open and close test force)

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crane
trane
bái hè liàng chì (white crane spreads its wings)

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hóu

monkey
ape
dào niǎn hóu (repulse monkey)

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tiger
tiger
fu hu zhuāng (taming the tiger post)

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huán

go/come back, return

huan yuan (restore form)

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hún

simple, natural, whole
enkel, uforfalsket, hel, fullstendig
hun yuan li (unified force)

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beat, hit, strike, attack
slå, treffe, ramme, angripe, støte sammen
jiji zhuāng (combat post standing)

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chicken, cock, rooster

jin ji du li (golden rooster stands on one leg)

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uttmost, extreme, pole
ytterlighet, (ytter)grense, pol, ytterst, aller mest, veldig
taijiquan (taiji boxing)

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skill, ability, technique
evne, ferdighet, dyktighet, teknikk, knep
ji ji zhuāng (combat post standing)

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jiàn

healthy, strong, strengthen, invigorate
sunn, frisk, sprek, sterk, styrke, herde
jian shen zhuāng (health post standing)

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jiǎo

foot

dēng jiǎo (kick with heel)

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jīn

metals, gold

jin ji du li (golden rooster stands on one leg)

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jīn

muscle, tendon
muskel, sene
yi jin jing (muscle/tendon changing classic)

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jīng

classic
klassisk
yi jin jing (muscle/tendon changing classic)

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kāi

open
åpne
kai he shì lì (open and close test force)

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lán

pull, take into one's arms, take on, grasp

lán què

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power, strength, ability, capability, force
(menneskelig) kraft, styrke, fysisk kraft
hun yuan lì (unified force) mo lì (seek force) shì lì (test force) fa li (issue force)

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stand

jin ji du li (golden rooster stands on one leg)

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liàng


tørke, lufte, soltørke
bái hè liàng chì (white crane spreads its wings)

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lōu

gather up, rake together
samle opp, skrape/rake sammen, tyne ut av, dra, trekke
lōu xī ǎo bù (brush knee twist step)

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hold in one's arms, hug, embrace
omfavne, holde i ens armer
lǒu xī ǎo bù (brush knee twist step)

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horse

yĕ mǎ fēn zōng (part the wild horse's mane)

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feel, feel for, try to find out
føle, stryke, berøre, søke etter, lete
mō li (seek force)

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rub, scrape, touch
gni(kke), slite, skure, viske, skjerpe, pusse, polere
mó cā bù (friction step)

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niǎn

drive away, oust, expel
jage, drive ut, forfølge
dào niǎn hóu (repulse monkey)

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píng

flat, even
flat, jevn, glatt, likt med, på samme plan, jevnbyrdig
ping bu (even step)

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get up, rise, grow, appear, start, begin
stå opp, reise (seg), utvikle, vokse fram, suffiks: fra.. begynne, reise opp
qi shi (opening form)

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air, gas, breath
gass, luft, pust, livskraft, livsfunksjoner
qi gong (qi cultivation practise)

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quán

fist, boxing
(knytt)neve, slag, smell, boksing
neijiaquan (internal boxing) taijiquan (natural boxing) yiquan (intent boxing)

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què

sparrow

lán què

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sǎn

come loose, scatter
løsne, gå opp, falle fra hverandre, spredd
san shou (free hand fighting)

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sàn

break up, disseminate
spre seg, bryte opp, dele ut, fjerne
san shou (free hand fighting)

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shēn

body, life, oneself
kropp, liv, seg selv, ens moral og holdning
jian shen zhuāng (health post standing)

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shēng

sound, voice
lyd, stemme, klang
shi sheng (test voice)

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shēng

give birth, life
føde, bære frem, vokse, gro, leve, være til
yang sheng zhuāng (health post standing)

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shí

ten
ti
>shí zì shǒu (cross hands)

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shì

try, test
prøve, teste
shì lì (test force)

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shì

type, style, fashion, form, pattern
type, preg, stil, art, mønster, form
qi shi (opening form)

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shì

power, force, situation, sign, gesture

shōu shì (end form)

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shōu

recieve, accept, put away, collect, gather in, bring to an end

shōu shì (end form)

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shǒu

hand
hånd
tuí shǒu (push hands)

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shuǐ

water
vann
bo shui shì lì (playng with water test force)

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tài

highest, greatest, remotest; most senior; excessively; extremely
høyest, størst, fjernest, ytterst, aller mest, eldst, overdrevet, nok
taijiquan (taiji boxing)

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carry, lift, raise, put forward
båre (i hånd), heve, l&oslah;fte, fremskynde
tí chā zhuāng (lifting piercing post)

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tuí

push (forward)
skyve, dytte, støtte
tui tuo zhuāng (pushing/supporting post)

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tuō

support
holde med hendene, bære, støtte
tuō bào zhuāng (lifting holding post)

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wéi



lán què wéi

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knee
kne, kneledd
lōu xī ǎo bù (brush knee twist step)

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stop
pust, nyhet, stanse, hvile (ut)
xiu xi zhuāng (resting post)

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xiū

stop, cease, rest
ende, ta slutt, hvile (ut), ta fri
xiu xi zhuāng (resting post)

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yǎng

support, raise, cultivate
forsørge, ernære, dyrke, bli frisk, holde i god stand
yang sheng zhuāng (health post standing)

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open terrain, wild, undomesticated

yĕ mǎ fēn zōng (part the wild horse's mane)

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meaning, idea, wish, desire, intention
betydning, mening, tanke, idé, ønske, hensikt
yìquan (intent boxing)

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change
forandre, skifte
yì jin jing (muscle/tendon changing classic)

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yòu

the right side, the right
høyre

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in advance, beforehand
på forhånd, i forveien (yubei=forberede, gjøre klar)
yù bèi (preparation)

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yuán

first, principal, basic, fundamental
først(e), opprinnelig, hoved-, over-, grunnleggende, fundamental
hun yuan li (unified force)

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yuán

primary, original, former

huan yuan (restore form)

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yuán

round, circular, spherical

hun yuan li (unified force)

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yún

cloud
sky
yún shǒu (cloud hands)

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zhán

stand, be on ones feet, stop, halt
stå (oppreist)
zhán zhuāng (post standing)

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zhuàn

turn, revolve, rotate

zhuàn shēn zuǒ dēng jiǎo (turn, kick with left heel)

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zhuāng

stake, pile, post
påle, stake, stokk, stolpe
zhán zhuāng (post standing)

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strifttegn, ord, skriftstil, font
shí zì shǒu (cross hands)

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zōng

hair on animal, mane

yĕ mǎ fēn zōng (part the wild horse's mane)

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zuǒ

the left side, the left
venstre

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Bøker: Way Sun Liao: Tai Chi Classics, Sun Lu Tang: A Study of Taijiquan m.fl. Ordbøker: Oxford Pocket Chinese Dictionary, Kinesisk-norsk ordbok. Internett.